Initiated at the turn of the XIXth century, NZ vineyards have been developed at the current scale since the 1970s. Their "wines of fesh climate" have gained world fame.
Surface : 37 000ha Production : 2,35 M hl Consumption: 0,4 Mhl
- soils : vineyards are usually cultivated on former river beds with a great proportion of cobbles. Clayey is found on the island of Waihekeles and powdered silt in Central Orago.
- climate : mostly temperate, oceanic, with temperatures ranging from 0°C to 30°C. Very humid climate in the South Island, semi arid in the Mackenzie basin and subtropical up in the Norh Island
- main grape varieties : Sauvignon Blanc is the dominant variety as it represents some 50% of surface and 66% of the production of grapes. Chardonnay is the second for white grapes. For red grapes, Pinot noir is dominant followed by Merlot.
Main wine regions
- Marlborough: at the North of South Island (58% of the total planted area), dry and sunny climate with moderate temperatures, renown for its high quality Sauvignon blancs (Clos Henry, Cloudy Bay)
- Hawkes Bay : on the eastern coast of North Island, its sun exposure enables to grow later ripening red varieties such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah, Merlot, or Cabernet Franc. (Te Awa Farm)
- Gisborne : located on the eastern coast of North island , just above Hawkes Bay, it is recognized for its chardonnays which represent half of planted surfaces
Site : www.nzwine.com