The Argentinean vineyards are open to international investment and trade and rank 5th in the world for production. The foot of the Andes mountain ranges offer an appropriate environment. Wine growing dates back to the XVIth century with the planting of the "criolla" by the Spanish settlers. The dominating feature of Argentinean wine is intense fruit, a strong body, with an excellent price value and a well known red grape variety: the Malbec.
Surface : 221 000 Ha Production : 15 M hl Consumption : 10 Mhl
- soils: sandy and rocky alluvium, partly dry
- climate: continental with ocean and mountain influences, dry with important sun exposure which makes irrigation necessary. A broad day-night temperature . High altitude vineyards up to 1800m.
- main red grapes varieties: malbec, cabernet sauvignon, bonarda, syrah, merlot, tempranillo
- main white grapes varieties: torontès, chardonnay, pedro-ximenez, chenin, criolla grande
Mendoza, Salta, La Rioja, San Juan, Rio Negro, Catamarca et, more recently, Patagonia. The main denominations of the province of Mendoza (60% de la production), Lujan de Cuyo and San Rafael, have gained international fame.
It relates to the origin and comprises two (denominación de origen controlada) et over 180 IG (indicación geográfica)